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Glossary of terms used in competitive intelligence and knowledge management  

By Vernon Prior

NB: Entries marked with an * are new or modified entries with effect from 12 July 2009

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P / Q - R - S - T - U - V - W / X / Y/ Z


Gatekeepers tend to collect and disseminate a wide variety of information in an informal manner and play a vital role in group relations.  They are essential to the effective and efficient operation of organisations.  Gatekeepers may be referred to as Boundary spanners. 

Gateway may be either a Library gateway or a Portal.   

Gisting is the art of concisely reducing complex material to its absolute essence for intelligence reporting purposes.  See also: Intelligence briefing, Report, Summary, Synopsis

Globalisation refers to the growth of interconnectivity that has been taking place since man moved out of Africa about 1.6 million years ago.  Such increased interconnectivity has resulted in greater economic, political, and religious flows across cultures and countries.  More particularly, globalisation refers to the continuing economic, technological, social, and political integration of the world that followed World War II.  Major benefits have been its effect on world trade (which more than doubled as a proportion of nominal world gross domestic product between 1960 and 2000) and significant reductions in the costs of shipping and communication generally.    See also: International trade

Glossary is a form of Dictionary which usually lists jargon or technical terms confined to a specific subject field, discipline, or profession.  See also: Standards

Graphic visualisation, see Visualisation

Grey literature refers to material that is not formally published, such as institutional or technical reports, working papers, business documents, conference proceedings, or other documents not normally subject to editorial control or peer review.  It may be widely available yet difficult to trace.  Trade literature comes under this broad heading.  See also: Document. 

Grid computing refers to the automated sharing and coordination of the collective processing power of many widely scattered, robust computers that are not normally centrally controlled, and that are subject to open standards.  Other terms employed in this context include: Autonomic computing, Data-centre virtualisation, On-demand computing, Public resource computing, and Utility computing.  See also: Clustering

Group technology is a coding and classification technique that groups parts according to geometric or manufacturing characteristics; used to facilitate Computer-assisted process planning.  See also: Classify

Groupware, see Collaboration software.   



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Status: 01. Juli 2015